April & May 2017 (Vol. 4)
Jul 19, 2017
The Pangoal Institution International Situation Monthly(Vol. 4)
The Pangoal Institution International Situation Monthly(Vol. 4)

Pangoal Institution

International Situation Monthly

April & May 2017 (Vol. 4)

Implications of General Elections in France, South Korea, and Iran

China-US Relations after Xi-Trump Meeting

The Grand Vision Displayed by the Belt and Road Initiative

Trump's "Constitutional Storm" Takes Shape

International Events in April & May, 2017

● On April 1st, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and State Council decided to establish the Xiong’an National New Area in Hebei Province.

● On April 3rd, explosions occurred at two metro stations in Saint Petersburg, Russia, causing fourteen casualties and forty-nine injuries.

● On April 4th, an air strike was launched on the rebel-held city of Khan Sheikhoun in the Idlib Province in northwestern Syria, causing a large number of casualties. The dead and wounded showed signs of chemical weapon intoxication.

● On April 5th, North Korea launched a ballistic missile test in the Hamugyonnamudo-Sinpo District. The missile fell in the eastern sea area off the Korean Peninsula after a 60-kilometer flight.

● On April 6th and 7th, Chinese President Xi Jinping met with US President Trump at Mar-a-Lago in Florida.

● On April 7th, with approval from President Trump, the US Navy launched fifty-nine cruise missiles from two Tomahawk missile destroyers in the Mediterranean in a military attack against the Shayrat, an air base belonging to the Syrian government army in the Hims Governorate. The Pentagon stated that the action was aimed at responding to the Syrian government army for using chemical weapons in Khan Sheikhoun and causing mass deaths and injuries to innocent civilians.

● On April 9th, the US Department of Defense confirmed that they dispatched the Carl Vinson Carrier Battle Group to the waters near the Korean Peninsula.

● On April 10th, Wu Dawei, head of Chinese delegation at the Six-party Talks on the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue and Special Representative for Korean Peninsula Affairs of Ministry of Foreign Affairs paid a visit to South Korea.

● On April 12th, Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke with US President Trump over the telephone, and exchanged ideas in regard to China-US relations, the situation in the Korean Peninsula, and the Syrian issue.

● On April 15th, North Korea held a military parade and mass pageant to mark the 105th anniversary of founder Kim II Sung’s birth. The military parade displayed North Korea’s most advanced missile equipment, including the “Lightning” anti-craft missile and Pukguksong-2 submarine-launched intermediate-range ballistic missile.

● On April 16th, North Korea launched a missile test in the Hamugyonnamudo-Sinpo District. The missile exploded soon after liftoff.

● From April 16th to 23rd, the US Vice President Mike Pence visited South Korea, Japan, Indonesia, and Australia.

● On April 17th, the South Korean prosecutors decided to formally prosecute the former President Park Geun-hye on eighteen charges.

● On April 18th, the UK Prime Minister Theresa May announced an early election will be held on June 8th to place the new government to secure a better position in its negotiation with the European Union on the Brexit.

● On April 18th, the US Minister of Defense James Mattis started his visit to four Middle Eastern countries, including Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Qatar, and Djibouti.

● On April 29th, the Carl Vinson aircraft carrier formation of the US Navy arrived in the eastern sea area off the Korean Peninsula.

● On April 30th, the “Foal Eagle” , a two-month South Korea-US regular military exercise, came to an end.

● On May 1st, in an interview with Bloomberg, the US President Trump said he would be willing to meet with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un "under the right circumstances."

● On May 3rd, the US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson put forward the two “give ups” and “four no’s” in his speech, which suggested that if North Korea gives up nuclear weapon development and missile development, the US will make the four commitments below: not asking North Korea to change its regime; not destroying the Kim Jong-un administration; not pushing for South-North reunification; not surpassing the military demarcation line and attacking North Korea.

● On May 7th, Emmanuel Macron won over opponent Marine Le Pen and became the new French President.

● On May 8th, Choe Son Hui, head of the Department of US Affairs in the North Korea Foreign Ministry, had a secret 1.5-track dialogue with some former US officials in Norway’s capital Oslo as a scholar.

● On May 9th, the US President Trump suddenly announced the dismissal of the FBI director James Comey, which triggered heated debate at home.

● On May 10th, the former head of Nam Insun Moon Jae-in was elected as the 19th President of South Korea.

● On May 12th, the Initial Results of the 100-Day Action Plan of the China-US Comprehensive Economic Dialogue was released.

The PC blackmail virus “Eternal Blue” broke out on a global scale.

● On May 14th, North Korea launched a test of a supposedly “medium-long range rocket.”

South and North Korean representatives for the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation met in Beijing.

● On May 14th and 15th, the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held in Beijing.

● On May 20th, the incumbent President Hassan Rouhani of Iran won a second term.

The US President Donald Trump departed for the first foreign trip of his tenure, during which he will hop between Saudi Arabia, Israel, Palestine, the Vatican, and Italy. He will also attend a summit of leaders of NATO nations in Brussels, Belgium and the G7 summit held in Sicily, Italy.

● On May 23rd, a suicide bombing at a pop concert in Manchester killed 22 and wounded dozens.

● On May 25th, the USS Dewey, a US guided missile destroyer, sailed into the waters near the Meiji Reef in the South China Sea without permission from China, and Chinese missile frigates Liuzhou and Luzhou warned and expelled the US ship after identifying it.

● On May 26th, Zbigniew Brzezinski, the renowned geopolitical strategic theorist who was national security adviser to President Jimmy Carter, died at 89.

Get daily updates from Pangoal